Sustainable Tourism- A Prerequisite of Sustainable Development

This article will provide a brief overview about the historical background, importance, concepts, principles and general debates about sustainable tourism.Sustainable tourism is one of the pre-requisites of achieving sustainable development. the concept of tourism with sustainability and development gets its historical inclusion from mass tourism that got flourished in 1960s due to advent of jet aircraft and the passions for tourism got tremendous following and it also reached Third World countries (Dann, 2002). It was also argued that this boost pushed organizations like World Bank and UN to examine the cost benefit analysis of tourism and it was acknowledged that potential costs of tourism are far lower than financial benefits in shape of balance pf payment surpluses, infrastructure development, and employment and foreign exchange gains. So that gave rise to the concept of sustainable tourism as one of the source of bringing sustainable development. According to the World’s Summit on Sustainable Development (2002), it is claimed that Tourism is the world’s largest industry where in 2000, 698 million people travelled internationally which 7.3 % more than 1999. Similarly the economic worth of international tourism was US$477.9 billion in 2000 (Papers4you.com, 2006).

In terms of one concrete definition, literature suggests that it is not fixed and is ever evolving. However Coccossis (1996) asserts that sustainable tourism can be taken in four different interpretations that include” economic sustainability of tourism”, the “ecologically sustainable tourism”,” sustainable tourism development” with both focus of environment as well as long term feasibility of the industry and finally “tourism as a part of a strategy for sustainable development”.As mentioned above, sustainable tourism should be taken in consideration to environmental and resources effects. It was argued that Mediterranean tourism is the main source of economic gain for the reason however short term growth was overlooked with long term adverse effect and deterioration of their ecosystem and resources (Farsari, 2000)Effects of ignorant tourism on its sustainability include: ‘over consumption of natural resources ,environmental degradation, exploitation of cultures and labour, displacement of people from their land, lack of consultation with local communities, poorly thought out tourism planning and high foreign exchange leakage which reduces local economic benefits’ in long run (World’s Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002),Where such effects are there to pose a threat on sustainable tourism there are guiding principles that can lead to ensure sustainability (Papers4you.com, 2006). Those principles include sustainable use of resources, waste and over-consumption reduction, diversity maintenance, tourism-planning integration, local economy support as well as local community involvement, consultation, training, research and responsible marketing (Farsari, 2000)So the discussion suggest that tourism industry has potential to be a prerequisite for sustainable development, however it is imperative to realize that focus on mass tourism only can pose danger to environment so in order to ensure sustainability in tourism, guiding principles should be followedReferencesCoccossis, H. (1996) ‘Tourism and Sustainability: Perspectives and Implications’ in Priestley, G. et al. (eds), Sustainable Tourism? European Experiences, U.K.: Cab International
Dann, G, M, S, (2002), “Tourism & Development”, in Desai V and Potter, R. (eds) (2002), The Companion to Development Studies, London: Arnold,

Farsari, Y, (2000), ‘Sustainable Tourism Indicators for Mediterranean Established Destinations’, Heraklion: IACM & FORTHPapers For You (2006) “C/T/32. Sustainable travel & tourism”, Available from http://www.coursework4you.co.uk/sprttrav4.htm [22/06/2006]Papers For You (2006) “C/T/27. Sustainable Tourism Development”, Available from Papers4you.com [21/06/2006]World Summit on Sustainable Development, (2002), ‘Sustainable Tourism and the Earth Summit’, Briefing Paper, Aug 26-Sep 06, 2002, London: Tourism Concern. Also available on
http://www.tourismconcern.org.uk/media/2002/WSSD%20sustainable%20tourism%20briefing.htm

Tourism Training – Where Can it Take Me?

Often it is a lack of understanding of what skills and qualifications that tertiary studies give us, that stops people from furthering their education. With the option of online studies, it has been made easy for anyone to study, no matter their location or personal situation. So with this in mind I thought I would give you an insight into where tourism training can take you.In New Zealand tourism training courses include:
– National Certificate in Tourism and Travel (core skills)
– Certificate or Graduate Diploma in or Bachelor of Tourism Management
– Diploma in Applied Tourism Management
– Certificate in Tourist Guiding
– Certificate in Adventure Tourism

The beauty of studying tourism is that if you choose to follow a career in it, you can get paid to travel! The above mentioned courses will give you such skills as:
– Ability to use office technology in a customer service environment
– Give advice on New Zealand as a tourist destination
– Understand the nature of the tourism industry and it’s impact on communities
– Apply basic essential management principles
– Manage a tourism related business / organisation
– Communication skillsThese skills can lead you to such careers as
– A Travel Agent
– Airport positions – Air Hostess or Consultant for instance
– Tour Guide
– Positions on a Cruise Ship
– Tour Bus Operator
– Accommodation Hosting
– Tourism Marketing
– Environmental Research / Monitoring
– Rental Car Hire Consultant

These just name a few careers that you could enter into after you receive your tourism training. Positions in the tourism industry arise frequently and offer great variety in their day to day work. If you are looking for an interesting and rewarding career, tourism training is something you should look into

Medical Tourism Guide

Today, cheap yet world-class surgeries are just a flight away. But the deluge of information available out there can overwhelm anybody. So, here is a quick guide to medical tourism to answer most of your questions about the phenomenon.WHAT IS MEDICAL TOURISM?Medical Tourism is the process of traveling abroad to receive superior medical, dental and cosmetic care by highly skilled surgeons at some of the most modern and state-of-the-art medical facilities in the world…all at a fraction of the price in the US, UK and Canada.MEDICAL TOURISM OFFERINGS1. Incredible Savings: Compare a $7,000 hip resurfacing in India with a $48,000 one in the US. In general you are able to save 50% to 90%.2. Excellent Quality: Many international providers are accredited by JCI, JCAHO and ISO or by local accrediting organizations. They have world-class facilities, have access to the latest technology and provide personalized service. If in doubt, read testimonials by patients who have experienced treatment overseas.3. Surgeon Expertise: Most surgeons catering to international patients have either been educated or have received professional training at top schools in the US, UK or in other countries in Europe.

4. No Wait-Lists: Access to immediate service is what attracts those from countries that have public health care system towards medical tourism.5. Longer Hospital Stay: You can have a longer hospital stay than possible in your local hospital back home under the supervision of your surgeon and physical therapist.6. Travel Opportunities: While the primary motivation for most customers is affordable surgery, the opportunity to visit exotic destinations is an additional draw for some.WHO SHOULD BE INTERESTED IN MEDICAL TOURISM?In general, most medical tourists are either uninsured, underinsured or those seeking elective surgeries. Others resort to medical tourism due to the long wait-lists in their country.WHICH COUNTRIES OFFER THE BEST SERVICES?The most popular travel destinations are India, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Turkey, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Brazil, Belgium, and Argentina amongst others. Some of these countries are considered best for cardiac surgery, others for orthopedic surgery and yet others for cosmetic surgery. You should base your selection on: quality, distance and cost.CHOOSING THE RIGHT PROVIDERWhen choosing a provider, don’t get swayed by attractive packages and fancy websites. Read and watch what others are saying about the particular hospital, clinic or surgeon. Check out the facility pictures and videos. Consider the provider’s accreditation, awards and recognitions, facility and equipments, statistics like success rates, etc.WILL MY HEALTH INSURANCE PAY FOR IT?Insurance companies are keenly looking into medical tourism as an option though most haven’t adopted it into their plans yet. So check with your health insurer for details.SHOULD I COMBINE “SUN, SAND, AND SEA” WITH SURGERY?That depends. Usually after a cosmetic surgery, you are advised not to expose your body to the sun or to sea water. But, you can always choose to enjoy them before your surgery.
With certain other medical procedures, it’s best for you to stay indoors and relax after your surgery. In any case, you should always consult your surgeon if you have travel or tourism on your mind.WHAT ARE MEDICAL TOURISM FACILITATORS?Medical tourism facilitators like Healthbase are specialized facilitators that connect you with the hospital of your choice while providing all or some other valuable services like detailed information about various procedures, detailed hospital profiles and surgeon profiles, medical records transfer, free surgery quote, pre- and post-consultation with the overseas hospital, feedback and testimonials from previous patients, medical and dental loan financing, passport and visa, airport pick-up and drop-off, hospital escort, tickets, travel insurance, hotel booking, tourism services in the destination country, etc.

This medical tourism guide is just a starting step. You should do the proper required research before you fly to your medical tourism destination.You can learn more about the growing trend of medical tourism, international healthcare facilities and surgeons and the details of the medical tourism process by logging on to http://www.healthbase.com. This is a medical tourism facilitator committed to providing low-cost high quality medical travel services to the global medical consumer.

Wired Security Alarm Systems Instead of Wireless

While a wireless alarm system is convenient and cool, the stability of that kind of network will completely depend upon the wireless signal coming from the router. Unless you have a very reliable network with a very solid (and probably expensive) security camera to go with it, you could be at the mercy of dropped signals. Inconsistent signals from your network can cause false alarms from your security system causing minor inconveniences like waking you in the middle of the night. While the same network problems could allow real security issues to go undetected. Even though wireless security systems are readily available and their technology is advancing regularly, they are definitely not worry free. They also require more maintenance than their wired counterparts.

On the other hand, wired security alarm systems have been on the market for a very long time and have a proven track record of reliability. Manufacturers from all over the world have improved the technology to near perfection, and it’s now more available and cost-effective than ever before. Their main downfall is that they are reliant on power to work, so power outages can be an issue, unless backup batteries have been installed. Wired security alarm systems are much less expensive than their wireless counterparts. You can install a complete wired security system for what you’d pay for just a few basic wireless sensors.

An Entrepreneur with Many Credits

Entrepreneurs often see success in their products and profits. Success is never an ‘absolute’ term, because it can mean so many things at the same time. If you are a budding entrepreneur or businessman, you need to read the success story of Denis Vincent – a well-known Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist. Denis is known for his amazing journey, which is full of hiccups, exceptional hard work, and incredible twists. In this particular post, we will try to unleash the man behind this entrepreneur, and you can be assured of finding some awesome and inspiring ideas.

A humble start to a great career

Denis was very young when he decided to make his name in the world of business. Unlike many of his peers in the industry today, he was not born with a silver spoon. He knew that if he wanted to start his business, he would have to learn things from scratch. Denis began his career in 1983 with P.R.C.S. construction insulation. He worked with the company for a year, before moving to sales. For the next five years, he continued his job with Moto Bateau, where he learned many things about boat and motorcycle sales. He was also actively involved in aftermarket services. Denis knew that his career in sales could give him good exposure, and he chose to work in private. From 1989 to 1999, he focused on auto sales & word wide exportation, mainly in regions of Asia and Russia.

Tourism Social Media – The Need For Experiential Content

Tourism is out of the ordinary day activities of normal life. It is saved for, anticipated and remembered for years to come after the holiday is over. But what are they remembering… the hotel, the flight, the airline? Maybe…the experience…definitely. Tourism is experiential based.So what attracts the potential customer to your product, service or activity? When they visit your website or read your printed marketing material, what is it that sways the decision to use your business over your competitors? The importance of having well designed marketing material, whether online or offline, and a level of integration and synergy between them cannot be argued. However, content is king. What does your content say to your potential customers? Is it generic marketing text that is not targeted to the behaviour and language of the target markets you are attempting to serve?The use of images, photos and videos is essential in the tourism industry, where experience is everything. Interactive media formats are the perfect medium for telling the story, rising emotive decision making processes in consumers and creating a virtual sense of demand. The use of colloquial, descriptive, emotional and experiential text is just as important in spurring the intrinsic and extrinsic motivations for consumers to purchase your products and services, or at least qualify your offerings to be in the final decision set.

Social media offers all tourism businesses the perfect platform to share and promote the experiential based tourism product through the use of interactive mediums. Image sites such as Flickr and video sites such as YouTube are obvious sites to utilise. Although not considered as a pure social media tool, these sites have developed over the past several years to include interactive and communication capabilities that are conducive to social networking. However, these could be considered the first steps of social media. In comparison to sites such as Twitter or Facebook which require a constant level of activity as far as engaging with the audience, Flickr and YouTube can be used simply as a platform for presenting interactive media about your business, the activities, accommodation, customers enjoying their EXPERIENCE. There is the option to engage with other like mined people and current and potential clients though the joining of groups, engaging with conversations and participating in the community – but it is not as essential in other social media platforms. And for this reason, these platforms are the perfect place to start for the novice, even the sceptical tourism operator to dabble with social media.Here is a simple example of how an activity based tourism operator could utilise either Flickr or YouTube (or both) to build the visibility of their business, utilise experiential based marketing mediums, create a valued personal level of customer service and engage in a basic level of viral marketing: Let’s take the case of a four-wheel drive motorcycle operation. When the customer purchases or attends the activity, get their email address. Before, during and after the activity, take lots of photos and/or videos (basic digital camera is all that you need). Once the activity has finished for the day, upload the photos/videos from the camera to your Flickr/Youtube site – then email the customer saying thank you for using us and having a great time and inform them that you have posted photos/videos of them enjoying their experience.

This proactive level of customer support will impress the customer, leading to greater levels of satisfaction – developing a brand ambassador who will surely create a level of word of mouth marketing for you. But it doesn’t stop there – the customer will then view their photos/videos on the sites, they will have their experience rekindled and be likely to email and tell their friends of their experiences and direct them to the URL address where the photo is held – your Flickr and YouTube sites. Now you have the start of a viral marketing campaign, where the customer’s friends are viewing the photos/videos and spreading the word about your business.If you are a tourism operator attempting to gain a greater market share, identifying methods to increase customer satisfaction and support and want to start engaging with social media, implement an experiential and emotional strategy to your online and offline marketing mediums – increase the use of experiential based photos and videos, utilise descriptive text and consider utilising some of the most basic social media tools to promote your business and brand.